Evidence record card

Date: 1911/2
Rhondda women: the "continual burden".

A wife’s working environment in the Rhondda gave little comfort. Until the turn of the century housing conditions, water supply and waste disposal were not only inadequate but deteriorating under pressure of population growth. These conditions were a continual burden on the woman as she struggled to perform her daily tasks – washing, cleaning, cooking and child-care. Overcrowding made matters worse. By 1911, the average number of inhabitants per household was 5.8, larger than that of either Manchester or Liverpool.